Hello Professionally Integrated,
Here is a paper where the authors looked at how much force it requires to completely rupture both the alar ligaments. Lots of research and literature, as well as clinical experience shows that the upper cervical spine can be damaged in trauma, especially motor vehicle crashes. On this site I have lots of information from research to support that statement , as well as head turned at the time of impact can increase injury to the upper cervical spine. Make sure you watch the video and use the information below to educate yourself, patients, and to import . . .
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