Hello professionally integrated,
Here is a paper where the authors looked at patients who were diagnosed with "discogenic pain" and evaluated them with flexion extension lumbar x-rays to determine the likelihood of instability. This paper is great to explain how abnormal movement can lead to increased pain. The authors suggest this imaging should be done on patients with "nonspecific pain" to determine the actual cause of pain, and how that can help improve treatment plans.
“To investigate the incidence of spinal instability among patients with discogenic low back pain and its various effects with respect to . . .
You either need to log in or a different subscription to view this page.